But why was this stage division chosen? Why is there a particle stage and a molecular stage but not an atomic stage? On the other hand, why are the cellular and multi-cellular stages not the same stage? If we look carefully, we’ll see that all stages have a similar pattern which, I believe, is required for a stage to be able to evolve the basis for the emergence of the next stage. Note that every stage starts with the final product of the previous stage and then evolves until something radically new emerges. These new systems are made of systems from the previous stage and their information code will evolve from the combination of some of these systems. This pattern is a cycle that is repeated for each stage but at a higher level and a new level cannot be reached until the required base subsystems are created for the evolution of a new information code. To be completed, each stage has to go through the following sub-stages and evolve all of the following systems and subsystems:
Transition Sub-stage: It includes the following systems:
· Previous stage multi-systems: these are systems created at the end of the previous stage (see multi-systems at the end of the stage). At the Big Bang it would be a cero dimensional point singularity since there is no previous stage that we know of.
Information Sub-stage: It includes the following systems and subsystems:
· Information code: the main reason why stages differentiate from one another is that systems at this stage use a higher level information code than the one used at the previous stage because its coding structure is made of systems from the previous stage. Once this code has evolved at the beginning of the stage it remains conceptually the same until the next stage.
· Information systems: while previous stage multi-systems would still use the information code from the previous stage, information systems at this stage have evolved a new structure for coding information that controls their behavior.
· Basic behavior: these are subsystems used by the information systems to adapt to their environment and survive. Some basic products are created when information systems use their basic behavior to modify their environment.
When previous stage multi-systems evolve a new information code made of systems from the previous stage, new information systems emerge. New information systems will then develop a new behavior to modify their environment and survive (basic behavior):
Previous stage multi-systems + Information code = Information systems (Basic behavior)
Advanced Sub-stage: It includes the following systems and subsystems:
· Advanced systems: these are complex and more advanced information systems which will develop the behavior to modify themselves, not only their environment. These systems are the reason there is a paradigm shift from which the next stage emerges. Without these systems, evolution will continue but will remain at the same stage.
· Advanced behavior: these are subsystems created by advanced systems to exchange information using basic behavior. Advanced systems still use the same information code but have developed a more advanced interaction to transmit more complex information. This advanced form of interaction will allow them to create better products.
When an information system develops a more advanced behavior, it becomes an advanced system. By using this new form of interaction, they will improve their basic behavior more than any other information system at this stage:
Information systems + Advanced behavior = Advanced systems
Symbiotic Sub-stage: It includes the following systems and subsystems:
· Symbiotic behavior: these are subsystems used by advanced systems to modify themselves or create new designed systems similar to themselves.
· Symbiotic systems: are systems which have merged with their products or with other systems to create a more advanced system that could eventually evolve into the previous stage multi-systems of the next stage. They are the result of successfully using the symbiotic behavior on themselves.
· Post-symbiotic systems: once symbiotic systems have proliferated, merged and replicated, evolution will, once again, kick in and new systems will emerge as a result of adaptation to new environments or competition with other similar systems. Millions of new species will emerge with different skills.
When advanced systems develop symbiotic behavior, they will use it to evolve into symbiotic systems by transforming themselves and merging with their products. Eventually, symbiotic systems will totally transform into the first post-symbiotic systems:
Advanced systems + Symbiotic behavior = Symbiotic systems -> Post-symbiotic systems
Transition Sub-stage: It includes the following component:
· Multi-systems: the final stage in the evolution of post-symbiotic systems is when they replicate but not to create a new system but to become a greater and more complex multi-system, composed of millions of replicating post-symbiotic systems merged together. The post-symbiotic system that is now part of the multi-system is no longer an individual system and will not function on its own. Note that, even though assimilation of other systems by a multi-system could happen, the main procedure to develop a multi-system is by replication of one original post-symbiotic system. These multi-systems will be the previous stage multi-systems of the next stage.
When multi-systems evolve from the replication and combination of post-symbiotic systems, the previous stage multi-systems from the next stage are also created and the cycle starts again:
Post-symbiotic systems * n = Multi-systems = Previous stage multi-systems (next stage)
So there is no atomic stage because atoms or chemical elements use energy as their information code, not other particles. Atoms are made up of basic particles that still interact by exchanging electromagnetic energy so they are a transition stage between the particle and the molecular stages. In other words, they are the particle stage multi-systems and the molecular stage previous stage multi-systems from which the elements that form molecules are created. It would be impossible to include all stage components by using just atoms. On the other hand, when molecules evolve from the combination of atoms, the new information code is now made up of electrons. Molecules are formed because of the combination and exchange of electrons at different energy states, and electrons are particles. From the basic molecules like water (H2O) to the most complex molecules like proteins, RNA, DNA and lipids we have all stage components until the first combination of these complex molecules form the first proto-cells, which are basic components in the cellular stage.
The cellular stage also has all necessary components, from proto-cells to bacteria and archaea, to eukaryotic cells, all with their genetic code, until the first multi-cellular organisms are created. Multi-cellular organisms are not just complex cells, not even colonies of cells, they are new systems made up of cells and they even evolved a new information code made up of neurons which are also cells. So until a new information code, made up of systems from the previous stage, is not created, we cannot talk about a new stage.